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The second most important religious center for Muslims in the world, after the Kaaba and Haram al-Sharif in Mecca. The city follows the historic land of Hijaz, 400 km from Mecca. It has an area of ​​about 600 square kilometers. Its name was before Yathrib and its date of establishment was about 1500 years before the emigration
It is Yathrib, the city that embraced the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) in his second migration from Mecca, which turned to his religious, economic and military status. From there he returned to Mecca and entered Fatah after he left for Yathrib. Where the Prophet's Mosque, the second Qibla and the second most important religious center for Muslims in the world, after the Kaaba and Haram al-Sharif in Mecca. The city follows the historic land of Hijaz, 400 km from Mecca. It has an area of ​​about 600 square kilometers, about 100 of which are urban areas, while the rest are valleys, mountains, slopes and floods. Its name before Islam was Yathrib and dates back to about 1500 years before the Prophet's migration to it. It is believed to be the first city founded and its people speak Arabic, while its population today To about one and a quarter hundred people. In Madinah, there are three major and very important mosques for Muslims: the Prophet's Mosque, the Mosque of Quba (the first mosque built in Islam) and the Mosque of the Qiblites. The cemetery of Baqi is an important and special shrine where buried in this cemetery a lot of companions, and beside the city Mount Sun famous for his famous battle. Although the Prophet returned to Mecca and opened it, he settled in the city until his death in 11 AH, where he was until the death of the capital of the young Islamic state. In 1984, the expansion of the Prophet's Mosque began, with the addition of 82,000 square meters to the mosque's sanctuary, with a total area of ​​235,000 meters Square, until the mosque has absorbed 650,000 worshipers. The city's climate is dry and desert, and summer temperatures may reach 45 degrees Celsius. In the winter, the weather is rainy and winter usually occurs in April. The city's topography is mountainous and diverse, and its soil is rich and rich, and its valleys are as well. The most famous mountains are: Mount Sun, Mount Raya, Mount Varkan, Mount Archers, mountains of the paragraph, mountain goods, Mount Eir and Mount Igwat. The city is famous for its excellent tour, with a total of about 270 species, the most famous of which are: Al-Ajwa, Al-A'najah, Saqa'i, Safawi, Bernie Al-Ayyes, Mabroum, Qarawiya and Nabat Ali. In Madinah many parks, most notably: King Fahd Central Park, Martyrs Park, Prince Mohammed Bin Abdul Aziz Park, Palm Garden, Flower Garden, and others. And in it Public parks, most notably Abu Tarboush, Al-Nawras and Red fish. It also includes entertainment venues such as Al Hokair Amusement Park (Luna Park), Baijan Amusement Park, Durrat Al Madinah, Koko Majid Park, Gnomeh and City Games. There are quite a number of cafes in the city, perhaps the most prominent of which are the "climate cafes", ie the meeting places of craftsmen. These coffee shops start from the Al-Ghamama Mosque, which ends at Quba. The city also has several markets such as Sultanah, Qabban and Qubban markets, the international city market, high-end markets and the city's souks. There are also several modern malls such as Al Noor, Al Rashid Mall and Al Hassan Mall. In addition to the features we mentioned at the beginning, there are also two teachers Haman: The seven mosques, one of the most important landmarks visited by the coming to Madinah, consisting of small mosques number six, not real seven, but famous for this name. There is also the King Fahd Complex for the Printing of the Holy Quran, the largest printing house for the printing of the Koran in the world, which annually prints about ten million copies. On the transportation level, Prince Mohammed Bin Abdul Aziz International Airport is the main airport, and is about 15 km from the city center, which is one of the arrival and departure ports for pilgrims and Umrah pilgrims. And spread around the city network of the highway linking it with the rest of the cities and regions of the Kingdom, namely: Madinah-Al-Qassim Highway; Medina-Tabuk Highway; Medina-Yanbu Highway; Al Madinah Al Munawwarah Road - Makkah Highway; A plan is under way to link the city and Mecca with an electric train, the Haramain Express train, along 450 kilometers. The trains are expected to carry about 3 million people a year, including pilgrims and pilgrims

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