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One of the most beautiful cities in the Mediterranean basin is not surprising that it is called the bride of the White Sea, the capital of ancient Egypt and the second largest city of modern Egypt. The city is full of vitality as it is a cultural and artistic center and a global tourist destination
The city of Alexandria was named after the bride of the Mediterranean Sea in the 4th century BC. Alexandria, Egypt's second city and its ancient capital, has passed through many ages, but still retains its splendor as a coastal coastal city and attracts tourists from both inside and outside Egypt. Alexandria stretches about 70 km along the Mediterranean coast, north-west of the Nile Delta, bordered to the south by Lake Mariout, from the east by Abu Qir Bay and Idku City, and in the west by Sidi Kerir. Alexander the Great began The construction of the city of Alexandria in 332 BC was completed. A section of the water was separated from an island stretching out to the main coast, called Pharos, with the port of Atiq and between the small village of Raktos. And then taken by Alexander and the successor of the capital of Egypt for almost a thousand years, until Amr ibn al-Aas opened Egypt in 641 AD. Before the arrival of Islam, the city moved between the Greek Ptolemaic and then the Romans and then the Byzantine Empire and then the Arab Islamic rule and then the Ottoman. Alexandria has historically been characterized by unique landmarks such as its ancient library of more than 700,000 volumes, which was rebuilt recently, alongside the lighthouse of Alexandria, numbered on the seven wonders of the world, for its enormous height of about 35 meters, , Until its destruction in an earthquake hit the region in 1307 AD. Besides these landmarks, there is a seaport, the largest in Egypt, where 80% of the volume of Egyptian import and export takes place. The new Bibliotheca Alexandrina, with more than eight million books, also stands out. It has a large number of museums and archaeological sites, such as Qaitbay Castle, Al-Sawari and others. According to the 2006 census, the population of Alexandria is more than 4,100,000, most of them working and living in trade, industry and agriculture. Alexandria is composed
From 6 administrative districts: Montazah, East, Central, West, Gomrok, Ameria. The six neighborhoods include 16 sections, not to mention other major cities such as Burj Al Arab and the new city of Burj Al Arab. The climate of Alexandria is mild and Mediterranean, characterized by a warm and dry summer and wet winters, moderate and rainy. From December to February winter prevails and the maximum temperature reaches 18 ° C. In this season, Alexandria also faces storms and torrential rains. From June to August, the summer runs, but it is not very hot, with peaks of up to 30 degrees. Spring and autumn are the best times to visit Alexandria. There are plenty of entertainment venues in Alexandria, with many cinemas (Rialto, Rio, Amir, Metro), the theater (Sayed Darwish Theater, Alexandria Opera House, the Lysieh Theater, the Tunisian Pyram Theater). In Alexandria, there are sports clubs and entertainment venues such as the Olympic Club, Sporting Club, Smouha Club, shopping centers and attractions such as San Stefano Grand Plaza, Green Plaza, Fantasia Land, Sindbad Amusement Park and others. The city of Alexandria is crowded with public squares (Manshiyeh, Ahmed Orabi and Saad Zaghloul). There are a number of beautiful public parks, such as the Royal Montazah Gardens and the Montazah Park, the Palestine Hotel, as well as some of the palaces of the city, such as Al Montazah Palace, Ras Al Teen Palace and Antoniades Palace. Other features of Alexandria that were not mentioned above include: Al-Sawari Column, Qaitbay Castle, Roman Theater, Eastern Harbor, Mustafa Kamel Cemeteries The archaeological tombs of Anfushi, the Alexandria National Museum, the Greco-Roman Museum and the Royal Jewelry Museum. As for transport, there are two airports in Alexandria: Nozha Airport (6 km from the city center) and Borg El Arab International Airport (49 km from Alexandria), with two ports: Alexandria Port and Dekheila Port. Alexandria enjoys a network of fast streets connecting it with the rest of Egypt: Cairo-Alexandria Desert Road, Cairo-Alexandria Agricultural Road, Axis of reconstruction and the Alexandria road ring. The Alexandria Tram, an extensive transport network connecting most of the city's districts, is one of the oldest tram lines in Africa and the Middle East. The tram is one of the branches of public transport in Alexandria. The railway is wide and widespread and the main station is located in the station area of ​​Egypt downtown

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