The origin of the name of the city of Ankara is the Greek word "Ankira," which means the anchor of the ship, which is today the capital of the Turkish state and the second largest city after Istanbul. The population of Ankara is more than 4 million. It is located on the Anatolian plateau in the middle of Turkey for more than 10,000 years. It was inhabited by the ancient man, followed by the Hathites, the Hittites, the Pharisees, the Lyddans, the Persian, the Persian, the Macedonians, the Chaldeans, the Romans, the Byzantines, the Seljuks, the Mongols and the Ottomans in the 14th century. Ankara is important in antiquity due to its location at the Anatolian crossroads.
Ankara climate is very cold in the winter to snow, while summer may be hot and dry. So tourists prefer the months of June to September to visit the city and go to the shrine of Kemal Ataturk, founder of the Turkish Republic, where the museum opens every day except on Monday. Ankara is the oldest part of Ankara with many examples of traditional architecture; the Roman theater; the elegant Auguste Rome temple in the old Ulus district; the Roman bathhouse, a classical Roman in the area of its buildings and divisions; 1927 Ataturk represents his military uniform.
Today, Ankara is witnessing a continuous expansion with a modern and modern flavor. Many of its main streets are crowded with cafés and restaurants, especially in the lively Kizilay district. Ankara's Ataturk Avenue also stands out as a central and crowded tourist area. The Ulus Meydani area is also an important tourist area. The area is close to a number of museums with sleeping and accommodation possibilities, as well as expensive restaurants. If you are looking for a tourist information center in Ankara, it is in this area and completely opposite Maltepe Akaray Metro Station on Ghazi Mustafa Kamel Avenue.
The preferred shopping areas for foreign tourists are the old shops in Yokuchi Shiklichelar (the Weavers' Trail) next to Ulus, where traditional fabrics, hand-made carpets and leather products. Bakirslar Cherchisi (copper bazaar) is also popular. Modern shopping centers are in Kizilay or Helmi Tunali Street, including the modern Karum Center and the Atakul Tower in Kankaya.
Transport in Ankara depends on buses, metro and taxis. Buses are cheap, though very crowded, and are of two types: buses in the service of the whole of Ankara (Belediye Otobüsü) in red or blue. The second type of bus is called Otobüsü which is green (bunkers) or blue. The metro is two very convenient main roads, which can be traveled by bus ticket as well, and the metro operates from 6 am to midnight. Taxis are yellow as well as all over Turkey, with the word taksi.